The Border Gate, situated in the middle of the Lotus Stem (the middle section of Istmo de Ferreira do Amaral today), was built by the government of the Ming Dynasty in 1574. It was a 3-storey Chinese-style city gate house, named “Guan Zha Men” (literally “Border Gate”). It was opened regularly and officials and soldiers were garrisoned there. The Border Gate, being the most important transportation stronghold between Macao and Mainland China, had remarkable military and economic significance. In 1849, the Portuguese forces extended northwards from the old Border Gate, and in 1871, they constructed a large Western Triumphal Arch style gate (i.e. Border Gate Arch), which has remained up to now. However, the Border Gate was demolished by the Portuguese administration of Macao, while the stone tablet with the characters “Guan Zha Men” is still preserved in the current IAM Building.
Address: Praa das Portas do Cerco, Macao
Bus Stop: M1 PORTAS DO CERCO/ TERMINAL, M9 BARRIER GATE PLAZA
Going to next stop: 10 minutes’ walk